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Earnings

Monday, February 25th 2019

The Best Predictors of Earnings Moves

We observe the five factors and the options straddle price prior to earnings announcement and see if any were predictive. Four factors are related to stock moves after earnings announcement and one is the historical average options straddle price before earnings.

Summary

ORATS analyzed the best signals for identifying excess options returns during earnings season. They observed five factors and the options straddle price prior to earnings announcement to see if any were predictive. The highest win rate was for the ORATS Projected signal at 66%, and the highest average returns was the Past Straddle signal at 0.7%.

Half way through earnings season, ORATS looks back at the stocks that have already announced and assesses the best signals for identifying excess options returns. Excess returns are the difference between the options market expectation of stock movement after earnings announcement and how much the stock actually moved. We look at the stock price moves after announcement compared to the options straddle price*.

We observe the five factors and the options straddle price prior to earnings announcement and see if any were predictive. Four factors are related to stock moves after earnings announcement and one is the historical average options straddle price before earnings. Moves are presented as dollar stock prices but made from historical percent moves.

  • The Past Straddle Price is the average of the past 12 quarters
  • The Historical Projected Move is the average of All Moves, Same Quarter Moves, and Past Year Moves
  • Past Actual Moves is the average of all moves over the past 12 quarters
  • Same Quarter Moves is the median of same quarter Moves within the last 12 quarters.
  • Past Year Moves is the average of the last four quarter Moves.

The report includes tickers with stock price > $10, option volume > 1,000, implied volatility < 80%, and at least 2 years of quality options pricing earnings history. The report lists the historical pricing factors and the resulting actual move in the stock after earnings and what the profit% was for the straddle.

For example, AAL reported earnings on 1/25/2018 before the open so the straddle price was observed near the close on 1/24/2018 and adjusted to remove the non earnings premium, to $2.56. This price was compared to the Adjusted Straddle Price average of the past 12 quarters of $2.13 and since the difference was greater than 15%, a sell signal was produced. The actual move of -$1.74 was -1.5% compared to the straddle price of $2.56 and divided by the stock price. -1.5% = (1.74 - 2.56)/54.79

For the 343 stocks that met the criteria, each of the above 5 observations were compared to the current options straddle price. If there was a difference of greater than 15%, a signal was created. Signals were either a buy or sell. If a buy signal resulted in a positive straddle profit%, then a win was recorded. For example, for AAL since the Past Straddle / Straddle was -17% a sell signal was generated and the resulting straddle profit% of 1.5% was included in the Return%.

RESULTS

The results when tallied show the highest win rate for the ORATS Projected signal of 66%. Stated differently, for each signal 2/3 of the time the signal direction was correct. The average straddle profit% was 1.8%. The ORATS Projected signal is a proprietary signal combination of multiple factors and requires a subscription. The highest single factor win% is the Past Actual earnings moves at 58%. The highest average returns was the Past Straddle signal at 0.7%.

The report Excel file can be downloaded HERE and PDF can be downloaded HERE. Subscribers receive the weekly report along with the ORATS Projected signals. Individuals may subscribe for $299.95 per month HERE. Institutional subscribers should contact us.

*Note that when we mention "options straddles" we are referring to adjusted straddles. Straddles need to be adjusted to isolate the earnings announcement by taking out the non earnings premium. Isolating the portion of the straddle price to earnings announcement time, normalizes straddle prices so that straddles can be compared historically and to stock moves at earnings. ORATS adjusts the straddle by calculating an expected post earnings premium and subtracting that from the options straddle. The post earnings premium is calculated by creating a distribution of likely earnings moves and estimating the premium left in the straddle throughout the range of probable prices. (Please contact us for more details.) The same process is applied to three years of quarterly earnings straddle prices.

ORATS (Option Research & Technology Services) is a premier options analytics vendor committed to uncovering untapped alpha-generating strategies through best-of-breed quantitative research, options-related data feeds, and customized options trading decision support solutions. ORATS utilizes an advanced, proprietary volatility analysis to produce implied, forecast, and historical volatilities that have been proven to be more accurate market summarizations than those obtained from most commonly available sources.

*ORATS does not make securities recommendations. Options involve risks. Prior to buying or selling an option, investors must read a copy of the Characteristics & Risks of Standardized Options, also known as the options disclosure document (ODD). It explains the characteristics and risks of exchange traded options. By using this report you agree to https://orats.com/terms *

Disclaimer:

The opinions and ideas presented herein are for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed to represent trading or investment advice tailored to your investment objectives. You should not rely solely on any content herein and we strongly encourage you to discuss any trades or investments with your broker or investment adviser, prior to execution. None of the information contained herein constitutes a recommendation that any particular security, portfolio, transaction, or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person. Option trading and investing involves risk and is not suitable for all investors.

All opinions are based upon information and systems considered reliable, but we do not warrant the completeness or accuracy, and such information should not be relied upon as such. We are under no obligation to update or correct any information herein. All statements and opinions are subject to change without notice.

Past performance is not indicative of future results. We do not, will not and cannot guarantee any specific outcome or profit. All traders and investors must be aware of the real risk of loss in following any strategy or investment discussed herein.

Owners, employees, directors, shareholders, officers, agents or representatives of ORATS may have interests or positions in securities of any company profiled herein. Specifically, such individuals or entities may buy or sell positions, and may or may not follow the information provided herein. Some or all of the positions may have been acquired prior to the publication of such information, and such positions may increase or decrease at any time. Any opinions expressed and/or information are statements of judgment as of the date of publication only.

Day trading, short term trading, options trading, and futures trading are extremely risky undertakings. They generally are not appropriate for someone with limited capital, little or no trading experience, and/ or a low tolerance for risk. Never execute a trade unless you can afford to and are prepared to lose your entire investment. In addition, certain trades may result in a loss greater than your entire investment. Always perform your own due diligence and, as appropriate, make informed decisions with the help of a licensed financial professional.

Commissions, fees and other costs associated with investing or trading may vary from broker to broker. All investors and traders are advised to speak with their stock broker or investment adviser about these costs. Be aware that certain trades that may be profitable for some may not be profitable for others, after taking into account these costs. In certain markets, investors and traders may not always be able to buy or sell a position at the price discussed, and consequently not be able to take advantage of certain trades discussed herein.

Be sure to read the OCCs Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options to learn more about options trading.

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The opinions and ideas presented herein are for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed to represent trading or investment advice tailored to your investment objectives. You should not rely solely on any content herein and we strongly encourage you to discuss any trades or investments with your broker or investment adviser, prior to execution. None of the information contained herein constitutes a recommendation that any particular security, portfolio, transaction, or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person. Option trading and investing involves risk and is not suitable for all investors. For more information please see our disclaimer.
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